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Over the past few months, I've been evaluating three Docker-based local development environments trying to figure out which is best not only for me, but also for students of our long-form Managing Professional Drupal Development Workflows with Pantheon (next semester starts February 17) and Drupal Career Online (March 26) classes.
I've been test driving Docksal (actually, I've been using it for over a year), DDEV Community, and Lando (I'm a recovering Kalabox user) trying to figure out where the "sweet spot" is for flexibility, ease of use, documentation, Windows-compatibility (we routinely have students on Windows machines), performance, and some other criteria.
I recently stumbled upon a cool open source project (thanks Brian!) called Mailhog that makes it dead easy to test outgoing emails from a local development environment. While I tested it on Lando, both Docksal and DDEV both support Mailhog and have supporting documentation here and here.
The general idea of Mailhog is that it acts as a local STMP server that by default, doesn't send emails to the addressed recipients. Rather, it includes a clean UI that allows the developer to view outgoing emails.
Getting Mailhog up-and-running in an existing Lando site is quite easy. Simply add the following to your .lando.yml
Then, run "lando rebuild". Caution should be used when using this command, as while most services retain their data during a rebuild, some may not. So far, I can confirm that my databases come through just fine.
After rebuilding, you're just about done. When you run "lando start" the next time, you'll see a new set of URLs for the local Mailhog UI (you can also get this information via "lando info").
On your local Drupal site, if you're using the SMTP module or another SMTP-based sending solution, be sure to disable it:
Then, sending an email from a local contact form (screenshot shows a local copy of DrupalEasy.com):
Results in this in the Mailhog UI:
Then, if you want to "release" a message to its intended recipient, Mailhog provides you the option to do that as well via a button when viewing an email:
The button leads to an SMTP settings form:
Summarizing, regardless of if you're using Lando, Docksal, DDEV, or another local development stack, Mailhog is a great tool to help you test sending emails from your local development environments.
While the screenshots in the blog post demonstrate setting up Mailhog with Lando, I can confirm that the process is just as easy with Docksal using the documentation, as I was able to configure it for a local client site in about 5 minutes.
For more information about using Mailhog with Lando, see the official documentation page.
If you have the Media module for Drupal 8 installed, you need to remove it before you can upgrade to the latest core version (8.4). Unfortunately, there are a few gotchas involved with the process. This blog post is about getting rid of the old contrib Media module, so the site can be updated to Drupal 8.4 in a subsequent step. This is based on my personal experience. YMMV, as they say.